लेमनग्रास की खेती से किसान कमा रहे अच्छी रकम, एक एकड़ जमीन से हो रही दो लाख रुपयों की कमाई

2072
Farmers are earning huge profit through Lemon Grass farming

किसान अपनी आय बढ़ाने के लिए पारंपरिक खेती छोड़कर आधुनिक खेती में अपना हाथ आजमा रहे हैं। यह पारंपरिक खेती की तुलना में ज़्यादा सुरक्षित भी है। भारत के बहुत से किसान अब लेमनग्रास (Lemon Grass) की खेती करने लगे हैं, जिसे आम भाषा में नींबू घास भी कहा जाता है। लेमनग्रास (Lemon Grass) का वैज्ञानिक नाम सिम्बेपोगोन फ्लक्सुओसस है। इसकी खेती में बहुत ही कम लागत में अच्छी कमाई की जा सकती हैं। इसी कारण किसान लेमनग्रास की खेती में अधिक रुचि ले रहे हैं। एक एकड़ में लेमनग्रास (Lemon Grass) की खेती कर हर साल दो लाख तक की कमाई की जा सकती है।

लेमनग्रास के खेती से किसानों को होगा लाभ

जानकारों की मानें तो लेमनग्रास में सिंट्राल की मात्रा 80 से 90 प्रतिशत तक मौजूद होती है, जिस वजह से इससे नींबू जैसी खुशबू आती है। लेमनग्रास (Lemon Grass) के बहुत से फायेदे हैं जैसे की इसमें मौसम का प्रहार सहने की क्षमता होती तथा इसे पशु भी नुकसान नहीं पहुंचाते। लेमनग्रास (Lemon Grass) की रोपाई के बाद सिर्फ एक बार इसे निराई करनी पड़ती है। इसकी सिंचाई भी साल में 4-5 बार ही करनी पड़ती है। लेमनग्रास (Lemon Grass) की खेती में कम लागत में अच्छा मुनाफा कमाया जा सकता है, इसी कारण किसान इस ओर ज़्यादा आकर्षित हो रहे हैं।

Farmers are earning huge profit through Lemon Grass farming

लेमनग्रास से होने वाले फायदे

लेमनग्रास (Lemon Grass) के पत्तों से बनने वाले तेल की इस समय बाजारों में बहुत ज़्यादा मांग है। इसके अलावा दवाई, इत्र, सौंदर्य के सामान और साबुन बनाने में भी इसका इस्तेमाल किया जाता है। लेमनग्रास (Lemon Grass) के तेल में विटामिन ए पाया जाता है, इसी वजह से इसकी मांग हमेशा बनी रहती है। इसके पानी का इस्तेमाल खेत में किया जाता है। कोरोना महामारी के दौरान लेमनग्रास (Lemon Grass) के तेल का इस्तेमाल सेनिटाइजर बनाने में किया जा रहा है। केरल, तमिलनाडु, कर्नाटक, असम, पश्चिम बंगाल, उत्तर प्रदेश, महाराष्ट्र और झारखंड में लेमनग्रास (Lemon Grass) की खेती भारी मात्रा में की जाती है।

Farmers are earning huge profit through Lemon Grass farming

केंद्र सरकार लेमनग्रास की खेती के लिए किसानों को कर रही प्रोत्साहित

लेमनग्रास (Lemon Grass) से होने वाले फायदे को देखते हुए केंद्र सरकार भी किसानों को लेमनग्रास (Lemon Grass) की खेती के लिए प्रोत्साहित कर रही है। इसकी खेती के लिए लोन की सुविधाएं भी उपलब्ध कराई गई है। वहीं आयुष मंत्रालय के किसान सशक्तिकरण योजना में भी लेमनग्रास (Lemon Grass) को शामिल कर लिया गया है। लेमनग्रास (Lemon Grass) की अच्छी पैदावार के लिए गर्म और आद्र वातावरण अनुकूल है। ज़्यादा ताप और धूप से इसमें तेल की मात्रा बढ़ती है। दोमट उपजाऊ मिट्टी में लेमनग्रास (Lemon Grass) की खेती काफी अच्छी होती है। इसके अलावा कम वर्षा वाले क्षेत्रों में भी इसकी खेती की जा रही है।

 

ऐसे करें लेमनग्रास की खेती

लेमनग्रास (Lemon Grass) की खेती आमतौर पर धान की तरह ही होती है। पहले इसके बीज को नर्सरी में बोया जाता है। उसके कुछ दिन बाद इसके पौधों को उखाड़ कर खेत में या अन्य जगह रोपाई करते है। एक हेक्टेयर में लेमनग्रास (Lemon Grass) की खेती करने के लिए 4 किलो बीज की जरूरत होती है। 2 महीने बाद इसके पौधे के ऊपरी भाग को जड़ से 15 सेंटीमीटर छोड़कर काट दिया जाता है। इसके जड़ों को अलग करके 30 से 45 सेंटीमीटर की दूरी पर फिर से पौधे लगाए जाते हैं। एक एकड़ में 12 हज़ार से 15 हज़ार पौधे लगाए जा सकते हैं। इसकी कीमत 2 रुपए से 50 रुपए तक होती है। इसकी रोपाई वर्षा ऋतु के प्रारंभ में की जाती है। एक बार इसे लगा दें, तो पांच वर्षों तक इससे फसल ली जा सकती है।

Farmers are earning huge profit through Lemon Grass farming

केवल 100 दिनों में लेमनग्रास का फसल हो जाता है तैयार

लेमनग्रास (Lemon Grass) की रोपाई से पहले खेत की अच्छे से जुताई करना बहुत जरूरी होता है। इसी दौरान दीमक से बचाव के लिए 5 प्रतिशत बीएचसी पाउडर 25 किलो ग्राम प्रति हेक्टेयर की दर से खेत में मिला दें। उसके बाद खेतों में पाटा चलाया जाता है। लेमनग्रास (Lemon Grass) को हर ढ़ाई से तीन महीने के बाद काटना पड़ता है। एक हेक्टेयर भूमि से 4 कटाइयों में 150 से 180 लीटर तेल हर वर्ष प्राप्त किया जा सकता है, जो हर वर्ष बढ़ता है। पहले बुआई के 100 दिनों बाद फसल कटाई के लिए तैयार हो जाती है।

 

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