इन आसान तरीकों से घर पर ही उगाएं खीरा, नहीं पड़ेगी बाजार से खरीदने की जरूरत

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Grow cucumber at home

सलाद ना केवल खाने का टेस्ट बढ़ाता है बल्कि सेहत के लिए भी बहुत फायदेमंद होता है। सलाद में प्रयोग होने वाला सबसे जरूरी इनग्रेडिएंट्स खीरा हैं। खीरा के बिना सलाद का प्लेट अधूरा लगता है। डाइटिंग कर रहे लोगों के लिए खीरा एक समय का पुरा खाना बन जाता है क्योंकि यह स्वादिष्ट होने के साथ-साथ पोषण से भरपूर होता है।

खीरा में पाए जाते हैं आवश्यक पोषक तत्व

खीरा में पाए जाने वाले मिनरल, विटामिन और इलेक्ट्रोलाइट्स का उर्जा-स्त्रोत कहा जाता है। इसमें पानी की अधिकता के साथ-साथ विटामिन ‘सी’ तथा ‘के’, कॉपर, मैग्नीशियम, पोटैशियम, मैंगनीज और सबसे महत्वपूर्ण सिलिका जैसे आवश्यक पोषक तत्व पाए जाते है। इसे आप अपनी बालकनी में भी किसी गमले में उगा सकते है।

Grow cucumber at home

दो बार लगाया जा सकता है खीरे का पौधा

लखनऊ के रहने वाले अंकित बाजपेई (Ankit Bajpai) बताते हैं कि खीरे को आप साल में दो बार लगा सकते हैं। सर्दियों के अंत में और मॉनसून शुरू होने से पहले। 20 से 30 डिग्री के बीच के तापमान में खीरे का बीज लगाया जाता हैं। बाजार से लाए खीरे के बीज निकालकर भी नये पौधे उगाए जा सकते हैं। खीरा का पौधा लगाने के लिए खीरे के बीज, गमला या (ग्रो बैग या प्लास्टिक की बड़ी बोतल), मिट्टी, खाद की आवश्यकता पड़ती है।

Grow cucumber at home

इस तरह लगाया जाता है खीरा का पौधा

खीरा का पौधा लगाने के लिए पॉटिंग मिक्स बनाना पड़ता है, जिसमें मिट्टी, रेत और खाद को बराबर मात्रा में मिलाए। पॉटिंग मिक्स को गमलो में भरकर, इसमें पानी का छिड़काव करें। मिट्टी को गीला करके उसमे खीरे के बीज लगा दें और उसमे पानी देकर उसे छाँव वाली जगह पर रख दें। केवल एक हफ्ते में खीरा का बीज अंकुरित होने लगता है। बीज अंकुरित होने के बाद गमले को धूप में रख दे।

Grow cucumber at home

60 से 70 दिन में खीरा काटने के लिए पूरी तरह तैयार

पौधे में नियमित तौर पर जरूरत के हिसाब से पानी डाले और एक महीने के बाद से इसमे जैविक खाद डालना शुरू करे। खाद के तौर पर आप गोबर की खाद, नीमखली, सरसों की खली या तरल खाद बना कर इस्तेमाल कर सकते हैं। केवल 35 से 40 दिनों में खीरे की बेल में फूल आने लगेंगे। उसके बाद आप खाद देने का अंतराल बढ़ा दे। 60 से 70 दिनों में बेल पर लगे खीरे तैयार हो जाते हैं।

Grow cucumber at home

इस तरह की जाती है 2G कटिंग

अंकित के अनुसार खीरे की बेल पर दो तरह के फूल आते हैं पहला नर और दूसरा मादा। नर आने के बाद जब तक इस बेल से और कोई शाखाएं नहीं निकलतीं तब तक मादा फूल नहीं निकलता। अगर बेल पर दोनों तरह के फूल नहीं आयेंगे तो खीरे नहीं उगेगा इसलिए जब बेल पाँच-छह फीट का हो जाए तो उसे ऊपरी सिरे से जरा सा काट देना चाहिए। कुछ दिनों बाद वहाँ से दो अलग-अलग शाखाओं में बेल बढ़ने लगती है, जिसे 2G कटिंग कहते हैं।

Grow cucumber at home

इस तरह कर सकते है खीरे का ज्यादा उत्पादन

जब पौधे की दोनों शाखाएं थोड़ी लंबी हो जाएं तो उसके ऊपरी सिरे से काट देना चाहिए। कुछ समय बाद इनमे से नई शाखाएं निकलने लगती हैं, इसे 3G यानी कि ‘थर्ड जनरेशन कटिंग’ कहते हैं। इस तीसरी जनरेशन (पीढ़ी) की शाखाओं पर ज्यादा मादा फूल आते हैं। आप अपने हाथों से नर फूलों से परागकण लेकर, मादा फूलों पर डाल सकते हैं।

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