जानिए आखिर कौन हैं इंटरनेट के मालिक, और यह काम कैसे करता है?

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know all about internet, what is internet

इंटरनेट हर व्यक्ति के जिंदगी का एक अहम हिस्सा बन चुका है। दुनिया के लगभग सभी लोग इंटरनेट का इस्तेमाल करते हैं। इसके बगैर थोड़ा समय भी व्यतीत करना जैसे अधुरा-सा लगता है। इंटरनेट के माध्यम से हमें एक जगह बैठे-बैठे दुनिया के हर कोने की जानकारी मिलती है। लेकिन क्या आपने कभी सोचा है कि आखिर ये इंटरनेट क्या है? कैसे बनता है? और इसका मालिक कौन है? आपको इन सभी सवालों का जवाब इस लेख में मिलेगा इसलिए इन सभी का उत्तर जानने के लिए लेख को पूरा पढ़े।

 

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इंटरनेट क्या है?

 

इंटरनेट एक प्रकार का ग्लोबल नेटवर्क है जो कई कंप्यूटर सिस्टम को आपस में जोड़ता है। राउटर और सर्वर के माध्यम से जुड़े होने के कारण आप इसे अनेकों कंप्यूटर्स का जाल भी कह सकते हैं। सूचना और डेटा का आदान-प्रदान हो सके इसके लिए इंटरनेट में ट्रांसफर प्रोटोकॉल का प्रयोग किया जाता है इसीलिए विश्व का सबसे बड़ा नेटवर्क है।

know all about internet, what is internet

 

इंटरनेट का आविष्कार

 

1969 में युद्ध के दौरान अमेरिकी सेना ने विभाग ने Massachusetts institute of technology के साथ मिलकर Advances Research Project Agency Network नाम से कई कम्प्यूटर्स को जोड़कर एक नेट्वर्क का आविष्कार किया था। 1970 में Robert E Kahn और Vint Cert ने Internet Protocol Suite (TCP/IP) को डेवलप किया है। यही ARPANET में डेटा और फाइल ट्रांसफर के लिए आवश्यक स्टैंडर्ड इंटरनेट प्रोटोकोल बन गया। यही कारण है कि Robert E Kahn और Vint Cert को इंटरनेट का पिता कहा गया। हालांकि, समय के साथ इंटरनेट दिन प्रतिदिन विकसित होती गया और आज 5G टेक्नोलॉज़ी आ गई है।

 

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इंटरनेट कैसे और कहां बनता है?

सूचनाएं जहां स्टार्ट होती है उसे सर्वर कहा जाता है जो 24×7 ऑन रहता है और इसकी सुविधा वेब होस्टिंग कंपनियां देती है। विश्व भर के सर्वर फाइबर ऑप्टिक्स केबल से जुड़े होते हैं। यह केबल बालों से ही पतले होते हैं तथा इसमें डाटा ट्रांसफर करने की स्पीड अधिकतम होती है।

know all about internet, what is internet

 

आपको बता दें कि इंटरनेट का अधिकांश भाग समुंदर में फैले इन केबल में ही है। आज जहां टेलीकॉम कंपनिया सेटेलाइट से इंटरनेट सुविधा देती हैं वहीं पहले केबल के माध्यम से ही इंटरनेट कनेक्शन दिया जाता था। यही कारण है कि पहले इंटरनेट की सुविधा टेलीफोन लाइन द्वारा ही दी जाती थी। लेकिन वर्तमान में टेलीकॉम कंपनिया सेटेलाइट के माध्यम से लोगों को स्मार्ट्फोन मे इस्तेमाल करने के लिए नेट उप्लब्ध करवाती है।

 

know all about internet, what is internet

इंटरनेट के मालिक कौन है?

 

यह बहुत ही दिलचस्प सवाल है कि इंटरनेट के मालिक कौन है? आपको लग रहा होगा कि जियो, एयरटेल, वोडाफोन यह है लेकिन नहीं ये सिर्फ सर्विस प्रोवाइडर है जिन्हें आप नेट पैक की कीमत देते हैं। इंटरनेट के मालिक सरकार भी नहीं है। ऐसे में आपकों बता दें कि इंटरनेट किसी एक व्यक्ति, एक संस्था या किसी सरकारी एजेंसी की संपत्ति नहीं है या यू कहे तो मालिकाना हक नहीं है और ना ही ये सभी सीधे तौर पर इसे कंट्रोल करते हैं।

 

know all about internet, what is internet

इंटरनेट एक विशाल और स्वतंत्र को-ऑपरेशन अर्थात सामुहिक मिलकर कार्य करने वाले समूह की चीज है। कोई भी संस्था या सरकार अपने नेटवर्क को मेंटेन करने के लिए जिम्मेदार होती है। इसके अलावा कुछ एजेंसी सलाह जारी करके इसका स्टैंडर्ड तय करती है और सुचारू रूप से रखने में मदद करती है। वर्ल्ड वाइड वेब कंसोर्टियम (World Wide Web Consortium) इंटरनेट के विभिन्न क्षेत्रों के लिए गाइडलाइन स्टैंडर्ड और रिसर्च करने वाला समूह है।

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